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Located in the southern part of Puntarenas, on the Osa Peninsula, Corcovado covers a 450 km2 land, making it the largest park in the country. Thus, its area represents nearly one-third of the Osa Peninsula.
Perceived as the jewel of the country's parks system, it is home to a very surprising flora and fauna. The fauna consists of 6000 species of insects; 367 bird species, including the Scarlet Macaw; 220 species of butterflies; 140 species of mammals, including giant anteater, Baird's tapir, sloth, capuchin, collared peccary, jaguar and many others; 116 species of amphibians and 40 species of fish. Concerning mammals, about 10% of those found in the Americas are in this park.
As for the flora, it is 500 species of trees and some plant species that compose it. Some of these trees measure between 40 and 50 meters high, while others, particularly the Ceiba Entendra, can reach 70 meters in height. Of all the tree species found in Costa Rica, Corcovado houses one-third. Another interesting fact is that the park represents 2.5% of the world's biodiversity.
Though watching animals may be enough to fill your day at the park, you can split the day in half, devoting the other half to a hike. As a result, there are some trails that will allow you to contemplate the flora and admire the wildlife. For example, Los Patos will make you see the Rincon River, a forest with tall trees, as well as the Guaymi Indian Reserve. The Leona Trail will allow you to see turtles, maybe even births if you go during nesting season. As for Sirena, it will give you the opportunity to enjoy the Calor River’s pool. In addition, close to the mouth of the Sirena River, when the tide is high, bull sharks and crocodiles can be seen.
If you are a lover of the environment, consider this park, and if you plan to hike, do not forget to bring: hiking shoes, sandals or flip flops, bottled water, sunglasses, rain jacket, insect repellent and a snack to restore yourself. There is a dining area with tables for those who want to eat.
There are only two seasons in this park: the dry season that runs from mid-December to mid-April, with sporadic rains, that is to say, rains at irregular intervals. As for the rainy season, it extends from mid-April to mid-December.
The park is open from 7:00 am to 4:00 pm. However, the Sirena Park section is closed the whole month of October.
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