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This park was created in 1978 and covers a field of 475.87 km2. It is located north of the central valley of the country, just 20 km northeast of the national capital (San Jose). The purpose of its creation was and still is to protect the region's fauna and flora from the construction of a highway. It is to honor the memory of the country's third head of state (Don Braulio Carillo Colina), a fervent believer in the protection of the environment, that the authorities have decided to name the park like that. Its large size makes it the country’s second largest park; at the same time, it constitutes a large part of the province of Heredia. In addition, its large surface and altitude make it home to several distinct living zones, thus maintaining one of the highest levels of biodiversity in Costa Rica.
The multitude of hiking trails that zigzag around many rivers will allow you to observe a remarkable wildlife. Whether it’s the 500 species of birds (toucans, hummingbirds, motmot rufous, quetzal, etc.), the 150 species of mammals (howler monkeys and white-faced capuchins, anteaters, jaguars, otters, sloths, white nose coati, etc.), reptiles (including Costa Rica’s most venomous snake), you will be amazed by the animals that inhabit the forests. These forests are composed of ferns, orchids, bromeliads and many other species of trees and plants.
During your visit to this park, you will have the opportunity to see the Barva volcano, an impressive colossus that rises to 2906 meters above sea level. It is often called Las Tres Marias (The Three Maries), because of its three most distinctive peaks. The BCNP is open to the public from 8am to 4pm.
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